When a zoning ordinance is adopted, the Indiana Code requires that a board of zoning appeals be created. As a quasi-
1) appeals from administrative decisions;
2) the granting of special uses;
and 3) the granting of variances from development standards.
Powers and duties of a Board of Zoning Appeals include: To hear and determine appeals from and review any order, requirement, decision, or determination made by an administrative official, staff member, or board charged with the enforcement of a zoning ordinance; To hear and determine special uses as detailed be terms of the zoning ordinance; and, To authorize variances from the zoning ordinance in certain cases.
A variance from development standards such as eight, size, and setback may not be granted
unless it is determined in writing that: The grant will not be injurious to the public health, safety, morals, and general welfare of the community; The use and value of the area adjacent to the property included in the variance will not be affected in a substantially adverse manner; and The strict application of the terms of the zoning ordinance will result in practical difficulties in the use of property.